Sunday, February 26, 2017

Agricultural Wages and the Sandridge Agricultural Workers Strike of 1873

Anthony recently contacted me about his ancestor Jonathan Cox (1821-1881) of Hill End Sandridge - which means that we share William Cox (1760-1802) as an ancestor. When I have more time I will update the earlier ancestor pages but in the meantime I had a look to see if there was anything new about Jonathan on the British Newspaper Archive.

Jonathan Cox is mentioned several times in my account of the Sandridge Agricultural Strike of 1873 and in particular he told a parliamentary commission that “Men work 11 hours a day, and women nine. … Able-bodied labourers have from 11s to 14s a week; boys from 3s 6d to 5s. … boys rarely go to work before they are from 10 to 12 years of age. … Girls are not employed in farm labour, they are engaged in straw plaiting from a very early age. Women, too, are chiefly engaged in plaiting. A few are employed on farms in weeding in summer.” 

I therefore decided to look for news item which related to the people he employed.

In 1861 one of the young men that he employed on an annual basis, almost certainly through a hiring fair absconded:
Leaving Employment. - Henry Peters, a lad in the employ of Mr Jonathan Cox, of Hill-end Farm, Sandridge, was charged with leaving his service. - Mr. Cox informed the Bench that the boy had left his employment on a former occasion, which he overlooked, he being a yearly servant. - Defendant pleaded guilty, and was ordered to pay 17s 6d costs, and return to his work. - His master paid the money which was to be deducted from his yearly wages. 
In 1871 one of the young men he employed stole some money from another and the court case included details of what he was paid:
Joseph Mardell  (16) was brought up in custody on remand, charged with stealing 6s. 6d, the property of Isaac Matthews, a ploughboy in the employment of Mr Jonathan CoxHill End FarmSandridge ... Mr Cox stated that the prisoner was employed at 4s 6d a week and £2. 10s. annually ... ... 
In 1875 William Chapman was not paid enough for his work at harvest time . Jonathan Cox took him to court for reach of contract but iam has legal support and it would seem that Jonathan Cox dropped the charge when he realised that his foreman would be required to give evidence. I am sure this would not have happened before the strike.

For more information see Jonathon Cox, Hill Farm, Sandridge, 1821-1881 and The Agricultural Workers Strike, Sandridge 1873

Saturday, February 18, 2017

More about Hertfordshire Wrench Cards

Allen Warren has written from Canada to say that he is compiling a catalogue of all the post cards by Wrench from the early years of the last century He has provided a list of all the Hertfordshire cards and I have used this to update my Wrench page. He has also provided a copy of this view of the Gates on Cassiobury Park, in Watford.

There are a number of Hertfordshire cards which he has not identified:

Bishops Stortford Nos 6289 and 6291
St Albans 6300 and 6306
Barnet 7757
Hitchin 8835 and 8836

If you can identify any of these cards please let me know (ideally with a digital copy) and I will forward the information to Allan.

Sunday, February 12, 2017

Web sites for Hertfordshire Pubs

Beer & Brewing
Over the last 150 years a vast number of pubs and beer houses in Hertfordshire have closed - although a fair number remain (possibly with a name change). If you are interested in the history of one of these establishments you should start by looking at the UK Pub History and the Lost Pub Project.

Pubs were at the heart of most communities and there were often incidents involving them and their customers. In addition it was not unknown for an inquest to be held in the public house nearest the death. There are also licensing. applications - particularly when a new landlord is appointed. Such matters were frequently covered in the local newspapers - many of which are available online in the British Newspaper Archive.

Once you know the name of the publicans from the above sources you will often be able to get more information from the censuses between 1841 and 1911.

Because I am having to spend less time on running this web site I would appreciate it if, in future, you check these sources before you ask me questions about a pub's history.

Battle of Verdun - Herts at War talk on 15th February

The next Herts at War talk will be given by historian Clive Harris who will be talking about the pivotal battle of Verdun. Clive is very well known in history as one of the UK's premier battlefield guides and historians and always provides engaging talks with his incredible depth of knowledge. We strongly recommend that you book your place ASAP if you wish to join us on the 15th. Link below:



PLEASE NOTE: The venue is The Large Lecture Theatre, De Havilland Campus, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts, AL10 9EU, doors will be open from 7pm with the talk due to start at 7.30pm and lasting for approximately 1 hour 15 minutes. 

19th Century Sport in Hertfordshire

Cricket
The British Newspaper Archive has just loaded copies of the Sporting Life from 1859 to 1909. 
So far I have only had time to do a very quick check to see what is there related to Hertfordshire and found the following entry from May 1860. If you find anything of interest let me, and other readers of this blog, know by commenting below.

Saturday, February 11, 2017

Motor Car Accidents in 1905

Motor Cars
Several years ago I gave a talk (copy online) on The Road through Harpenden and since then the Bristixh Newspaper Archive has come into existence - making it far easier to get details of dated events. Recently Peter has asked where more information can be found about the fatal accident near Dunstable.that I mentioned in the talk and as a result I have updated the original page on Early Motor Cars to include details of both the Dunstable accident and also the earlier hit and run accident at Markyate where a 5 year old boy was killed.


Thursday, January 26, 2017

Delays in responding to genealogy emails

Don't get too worried. I am not actually confined to bed but various factors, including a bad cold I caught before Christmas, have aggravated my Asthma and the picture represents how I am feeling at present.

Since Christmas I have had a number of emails on various matters - and the fact that people are still using the site and asking questions or suggesting updates, cheers me up - and at the moment I need cheering up - so getting even more genealogy emails is fine.

However if you are one of the people whose email is in the queue to be answered be assured that I haven't forgotten you - but the reply will have to wait till I feel better and cleared some of the more important domestic duties which have also been neglected because of my health problems.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Moss of Hitchin


In 2010 I answered a question about the shop run by Moss in Hitchin, and ther have been several updates since. One of the outstanding questions related to the number of branches and Diane, who worked for the company some 55 years ago has kindly provided a list of the shops circa 1960.

Herts Genealogy survived 2016. Will 2017 be better?

A year ago I reviewed the challenges to my time and how they might affect this web site.  I set the top priority as keeping fit and despite one dramatic incident,  involving a ride in an ambulance, which proved not too serious, my physical heath has continued at a reasonable level for my age. In particular the use of a fitbit with reasonable targets (8000 steps most days a week - and an average of 20 minutes brisk walking or a swim) kept me on the move.

As expected activity on the Genealogy in Hertfordshire web site decreased in 2016. I have definitely abandoned all attempts to move the maintenance of the site to Windows 10 because of software "old age" problems - which means that keeping the site running means keeping the desktop computer with the master copy operational as long as possible. One side effect of my decreased activity is that very little money has been raised in the year for the mentally ill of Hertfordshire compared with previous years.

As for the coming year I hope to keep things rolling along - but there may well be periods of several weeks where the site will have to take a back seat - and I may well concentrate on posting up some of the more important historical research stuck in the pipeline and try to avoid spending too much time on completely new research.

And a P.S. Various matters have kept me very busy over Christmas and the New Year - to the point that this message was prepared to go out on January 1st - and somehow got forgotten ....

Saturday, December 24, 2016

Seasons Greetings

Merry Xmas and a Happy New Year to All
A Christmas post card by "F S" from 1908
Increasing pressures this year on a number of fronts meant that taking time off to relax became a priority - with "keeping fit" walks a priority. Doing research helps me relax, and this year I found I needed a project that that had a significant "fun" element in it. Last October I told you that I was working on:

Who was "F S" and did he work in St Albans with "Karaktus"?


Since then, whenever I feel I need a break I can go online to ebay and search through the many tens of thousands of early 20th century comic postcards on ebay to try and unravel what looks like a complex story involving a postcard printer in Saxony , a wholesale stationer in Brighton, and several very short-lived postcard publishing companies!  Unfortunately there has been no progress in the original problem of identifying Karaktus. It is clear that the pages I put online in October will need a significant rewrite to accommodate the new. information - so expect a few mor ecomic post card blogs in 2017.

My wife and I are planning to enjoy ourselves over Christmas and needless to say Aylesbury duck is again on the menu.
The above picture shows our 2012 Xmas duck
This year we will be separating the crown and having two separate meals